La Commission internationale de protection radiologique (CIPR, en anglais International Commission on Radiological Protection ou ICRP) est une organisation internationale non gouvernementale qui émet des recommandations concernant la mesure de l’exposition aux rayonnements ionisants et les mesures de sécurité à prendre sur les installations sensibles.
La quasi-totalité des réglementations et normes internationales et des réglementations nationales en radioprotection reposent sur ces recommandations.
Il est donc intéressant de se plonger dans la lecture, évidemment en anglais, de la Publication 129 « Radiological Protection in Cone Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT) » publiée en juillet 2015.
The objective of this publication is to provide guidance on radiological protection in the new technology of cone beam computed tomography (CBCT).
Publications 87 and 102 dealt with patient dose management in computed tomography (CT) and multi-detector CT. The new applications of CBCT and the associated radiological protection issues are substantially different from those of conventional CT. The perception that CBCT involves lower doses was only true in initial applications. CBCT is now used widely by specialists who have little or no training in radiological protection. This publication provides recommendations on radiation dose management directed at different stakeholders, and covers principles of radiological protection, training, and quality assurance aspects.
Advice on appropriate use of CBCT needs to be made widely available. Advice on optimisation of protection when using CBCT equipment needs to be strengthened, particularly with respect to the use of newer features of the equipment. Manufacturers should standardise radiation dose displays on CBCT equipment to assist users in optimisation of protection and comparisons of performance. Additional challenges to radiological protection are introduced when CBCT-capable equipment is used for both fluoroscopy and tomography during the same procedure. Standardised methods need to be established for tracking and reporting of patient radiation doses from these procedures.
The recommendations provided in this publication may evolve in the future as CBCT equipment and applications evolve. As with previous ICRP publications, the Commission hopes that imaging professionals, medical physicists, and manufacturers will use the guidelines and recommendations provided in this publication for implementation of the Commission’s principle of optimisation of protection of patients and medical workers, with the objective of keeping exposures as low as reasonably achievable, taking into account economic and societal factors, and consistent with achieving the necessary medical outcomes.